The peanut, also known as the groundnut is a legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds.Peanuts contain polyphenols, polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats, phytosterols and dietary fiber in amounts similar to several tree nuts. Peanut skins contain resveratrol which is under preliminary research for its potential effects in humans.
Peanuts is also called as groundnuts which is a species from legume or bean family.Groundnut is the major oil seed crop in India and it plays a major role in bridging the vegetable oil deficit in the country.
India has exported 5,37,888.26 MT of groundnuts to the world for the worth of Rs. 4,046.05 crores during the year 2015-16.
Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, and Uttar Pradesh are the major peanuts production states in India.
In India Peanuts usually sowing in June, July, August, December, January months.
Major Health Benefits of Peanuts
Peanuts contain a relatively good amount of fatty acids which is believed to be critical to the brain’s nerve cells. This brain friendly cell helps with stress management and mood swings to prevent various skin disorders like wrinkles, fine line and dullness.
Peanuts contain anti-oxidants in high concentrations. These anti-oxidants become more active when peanuts are boiled. There is a 2-fold increase in Biochanin-A and 4-fold increase in Genistein content. These reduce the damage done by free radicals produced in the body.
Poly-phenolic anti-oxidants are present in the peanuts in high concentrations. P-Coumaric acid has the ability to reduce the risk of stomach cancer by reducing the productions of carcinogenic nitrous-amines.